ASILO Y POLÍTICAS DE PAÍS SEGURO EN EUROPA: LECCIONES PARA EL DEBATE SOBRE LA DESIGNACIÓN DE MÉXICO Y GUATEMALA COMO TERCEROS PAÍSES SEGUROS

  • Felipe Ignacio Crowhurst Pons Universidad Alberto Hurtado - Programa Interdisciplinario de Relaciones Internacionales para América Latina (PROIAL)
Palabras clave: Políticas de país seguro, tercer país seguro, México, Guatemala

Resumen

El siguiente artículo describe y analiza el desarrollo conceptual e histórico de las políticas de país seguro en Europa desde la década de 1980 en adelante. El artículo explora los principales problemas asociados a la creación y uso de políticas de país seguro como instrumentos para desestimar solicitudes de asilo. Aunque los países europeos trataron de racionalizar los procedimientos de asilo designando a más países como seguros, estos esfuerzos han fracasado porque la ejecución y coordinación de las políticas de país seguro son complejas y demorosas. A partir de la experiencia europea, el artículo concluye que el objetivo estadounidense de etiquetar a México y Guatemala como terceros países seguros difícilmente descongestionará su sistema de asilo por dificultades prácticas que Europa ha exhibido hace años. 

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Publicado
2020-08-31
Sección
Notas de Investigación